No Picture
General Article

How to Take Someone’s Blood Pressure to Check For Hypertension

How to Take Someone’s Blood Pressure to Check For Hypertension

Blood pressure should be taken in such a way as to ensure that you do not come up with the wrong result, especially when you are suspecting that the individual may be having hypertension. When the right procedure is followed you are sure to avoid errors that could prove expensive in the long run.

What should you do before taken the blood pressure?1. Ensure the individual is not over excited. If he/she is excited the secretion of adrenaline increases and this would give you a wrong result.2. Be sure the individual has not just finished a rigorous exercise. This would increase the heart rate and alter the result as well.3. Ensure the person has also not just finished eating a heavy meal. This would increase the work load of the heart as it attempts to digest the heavy meal.4. Make sure he/she rests for at least 2-5 minutes after arriving in your clinic before taking the blood pressure.

To find out if someone has hypertension, you need to check his/her blood pressure for the first time and record the result. The individual should then be advised to repeat the check daily (at the same time) or on alternate days for at least one further week to be sure there is a sustained elevation before you could come up with a diagnosis.

How should you check the blood pressure?1. Make the person sit up in a chair or lie down on a bed.2. Squeeze the cuff to expel air if you are using the analog sphygmomanometer.3. Wrap the arm cuff around his/her upper arm, at least half an inch above the elbow joint, with the air tube over the brachial artery.4. Press the ‘start’ button (if you are using the digital sphygmomanometer); and the cuff is inflated automatically. Allow it to deflate on its own and when the measurement value is displayed, you have to take down the reading. Press the ‘stop’ button and return the equipment to a safe place.5. If you are using the analog sphygmomanometer, you have to place the diaphragm of your stethoscope over the brachial artery (after procedure number 3 above) and place the ear tubes over your ears; tighten the knob of the sphygmomanometer and then pump with the inflator.6. Listen to the heart beat as you pump. Take note of the point at which you stopped hearing the sound. Pump a little further before releasing the knob to deflate the cuff.7. Take note of the first heart sound (systolic) as you deflate the cuff; and also the point at which the heart’s sound finally disappears (the diastolic). 8. Remove equipment and record your findings.

The upper sound is referred to as the ‘systolic’ while the lower sound is referred to as the ‘diastolic’ sound. If the reading for an average adult is in the range of 140-159 over 90-99 (140/90 – 159/99), ‘stage 1 hypertension’ is said to exist. But if the reading is above 160/100, ‘stage 2 hypertension’ is said to exist.

Note: Nobody should be termed hypertensive except after the readings have been taken for a period of one or more weeks and they are consistently elevated. You should also cross check using both arms.It appears that your web host has disabled all functions for handling remote pages and as a result the BackLinks software will not function on your web page. Please contact your web host for more information.…

No Picture
General Article

High Blood Pressure Treatment Strategies

High Blood Pressure Treatment Strategies

When blood passes through the blood vessels, it exerts force on the walls of the blood vessels called blood pressure. If the blood pressure is always high, the blood vessels can become damaged which can lead to life-threatening complications like stroke and heart attack. Blood pressure treatment is always started whenever a person is diagnosed with hypertension.

When a person’s BP is 140/90 or higher in two different occasions, he or she is diagnosed with hypertension. The good thing is that hypertension can be treated with a lot of various ways. Of course, there are available drugs that are effective in treating hypertension. In fact, anti-hypertensive drugs are always prescribed to persons who are diagnosed with hypertension. What are the different available anti-hypertensive medicines nowadays?

Diuretics are the most common form of drugs prescribed to treat hypertension. Diuretics lead to frequent urination so that the excess salt and water in the body is removed. Once extra salt and water are urinated, blood pressure becomes lower and the heart can pump easily. Diuretics can cause adverse effects like dehydration, dizziness, muscle cramps, arrhythmia, and others.

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are another form of drugs prescribed to treat hypertension. ACE inhibitors work by dilating the blood vessels which leads to increase in blood flow, decrease in blood pressure, and easier work for the heart. Also, ACE inhibitors can protect the kidneys from the effects of hypertension. ACE inhibitors can cause adverse effects like sore throat, severe vomiting or diarrhea, dizziness, cough, and others.

One of the most common forms of medicines used to treat hypertension is angiotensin II receptor blockers or ARBs. ARBs can prevent the constriction of blood vessels since these can block angiotensin II. Therefore, ARBs work by widening the blood vessels so that blood flow is increased and blood pressure is decreased. ARBs are usually prescribed to hypertensive people who cannot tolerate ACE inhibitors. ARBs can cause side effects like severe vomiting, confusion, cough, diarrhea, dizziness, and others.

One of the most common forms of drugs used to treat hypertension is beta-blockers. Beta-blockers function by reducing the work of the heart which enables it to pump easier using less oxygen and blod. The common side effects of beta-blockers include fatigue, dizziness, edema, slow heartbeat, and others.

Calcium channel blockers are another form of drugs prescribed to treat hypertension. These drugs slow down the movement of calcium to the heart and blood vessels which results to widened blood vessels. Some of the usual side effects of calcium channel blockers are dizziness, dry mouth, edema, headache, and others.

Besides prescribing drugs, the doctor will also recommend lifestyle changes that can effectively lower your blood pressure. Some of these lifestyle changes include smoking cessation, reduced alcohol and caffeine intake, regular exercise, proper diet, and stress reduction. In addition to using anti-hypertensive medicines, these lifestyle changes include the blood pressure treatment that most doctors prescribe.…

No Picture
General Article

Finding The Favor Of God In Difficult Times

Finding The Favor Of God In Difficult Times

Today your life may seem upside down and you don’t know what you are going to do or where to go from here. Today’s society is in a slump and the economy is nothing short of a repeat of the Great Depression. There are millions of reasons to feel depressed and give up on life but you are closer than you think to turning your life around.

It’s so easy to be stressed out and fall into a negative mindset. Nothing seems to go your way and you never seem to get lucky breaks in life. You have grown up with negative people in a dysfunctional family so you may say to yourself “how could I be any different?” Bills may be piling up and the job search is not going well so you pull the covers over your head and try and forget it all. You turn on the television and it’s all bad news about the same old things with the economy, unemployment blah, blah, blah.

You don’t have to follow the other nay sayers over a cliff and lose all hope of turning things around. God knows the beginning from the end and is aware of your situation. He is opening doors even now for you to make divine connections with key people and sending a Breath Of Heaven your way. God created you and you matter to Him. He gave His all and the last thing He wants to see is for you to slip and fall.

Believe in your heart and have the faith of a tiny seed of mustard and you will move the hand of God to intervene in your life. The thing that you fear the most that is happening in your life is a mere wrench in the works of life and God will easily remove it and restart things for you. The problems you are facing are going to turn into huge blessings that will explode on your life. New things are coming your way and all things are possible with God.

God always uses the average people in the world to do great things with. He sees your situation and you are exactly the type of person He wants to use for His glory. He wants only to have an intimate relationship with you and help you become the best that you can be. Don’t despair for your miracle is coming your way and a sweet breeze is coming your way straight from the throne of grace.…

No Picture
General Article

Hypertension During Pregnancy

Hypertension During Pregnancy

The Threat of High Blood Pressure

Definition

It is a potentially life-threatening disorder that usually develops after the 20th week of pregnancy. It is most common in nulliparous (have not been pregnant) women. There are two categories of gestational hypertension. These are:

Preeclampsia

Non-convulsive form of the disorder. It develops in about 7% of pregnancies and may be mild or severe. Marked by the onset of hypertension after 20 weeks of gestation.

The incidence is significantly higher in low socioeconomic groups.

Eclampsia

Convulsive form of the disorder. Occurs between 24 weeks of gestation and the end of the first postpartum (after delivery) week. Incidence increases among women who are pregnant for the first time, have multiple fetuses, and have a history of vascular disease

Currently gestational hypertension and its complications are the most common cause of maternal death in the developed countries.

The Story Behind Gestational Hypertension

There is no exact cause for this condition. The systemic peripheral spasm of the vessels can occur. It affects every organ system. There are researches that support with geographic, ethnic, racial, nutritional, immunologic, and familiar factors may contribute to preexisting vascular disease, which in turn may contribute to its occurrence. The age is considered as a factor. Adolescents younger than age 19 and primiparas (first time being pregnant) older than age 35 are at higher risk.

What to look for?

The following are the common clinical manifestations of a woman who have gestational hypertension:

Blood pressure over 140/90 mmHg or an increase of 300mmHg systolic and 15mmHg diastolic over baseline obtained in two occasions at least 4 to 6 hours apart;

Increase in generalized edema associated with a sudden weight gain of more than 5 lb (2.3kg) per week;

Usually appears between the 20th week and 24th weeks of gestation and disappears within 42 days after the delivery;

A final diagnosis usually deferred until blood pressure returns to normal after delivery; if blood pressure remains elevated, chronic hypertension, either alone or superimposed on gestational hypertension, may be the cause;

Additional signs and symptoms with severe preeclampsia include increased blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and uric acid levels; frontal headaches (forehead), blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, irritability, and epigastric pain.

What test is being done?

Laboratory tests is use to determine the protein level in the urine. Proteinuria (protein in the urine) is of gestational hypertension. In preeclampsia, there is protein level in the urine that exceeds 300mg/24 hours (1+) and in eclampsia, 5g/24 hours (5+) or more.

How is it managed medically?

High protein diet with adequate fluid intake with restriction of excessively salty foods;

Bed rest in side-lying position;

Close observance of blood pressure, fetal heart rate, edema, proteinuria, and signs of pending eclampsia;

Administration of antihypertensive drugs

How it is managed at home?

When you know someone who happens to have this condition, it is best for you to advise then to monitor their vital signs especially the blood pressure regularly. The fetal heart rate must be closely monitored as well. Monitor the extent and location of the edema. Make sure to provide a quiet, darkened room until the pregnant mother’s condition stabilizes and enforce absolute bed rest. Provide emotional support to the pregnant mother and her family by:

Encourage them to verbalize their feelings

If the mother’s condition necessitates premature deliver, point out that infants of the mother with gestational hypertension are usually small for gestational age but sometimes far better than other preterm infants of the same weight, possibly because they have developed adaptive response to stress in utero; and

Help the mother and her family to develop effective coping strategies.…

No Picture
General Article

What the Research Is Saying About KMC and Post Natal Depression

What the Research Is Saying About KMC and Post Natal Depression

Kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been studied now for over thirty years. KMC involves skin to skin contact between the mother and the newborn, specifically having the baby positioned on mom’s chest in an upright position. The concept originates from the Australian marsupial (kangaroo) which carries its baby (Joey) in a pouch for approximately four months after birth. The interaction between mom and baby means that baby relies on mom’s warmth, love and nutrition.

Many studies have shown that KMC is an invaluable therapy for both newborn baby and the new mom. So what is the research saying about KMC and Postnatal Depression (PND)?

Well, back in 2007 Brazilian researchers published a study in the Oxford Tropical Peadiatrics, concluding that Kangaroo Mother Care can prove helpful in warding off Postnatal Depression. The researchers studied mothers whilst they were providing Kangaroo Mother Care and the results were stunning. Not one mother developed signs of postpartum depression during this time. That’s right! Not one mother developed or suffered from any form of postnatal depression.

The World Health Organization (WHO) published an article that focused on the bonding and the encouragement of breast-feeding through Kangaroo Mother Care. With the newborn baby lying in the prone position on mom’s chest, many of the typical after-birth examinations and procedures can be conducted easily, whilst maintaining that bond between newborn baby and mom. In fact in 2006 there was a new mother-To-Infant bonding (MIB) scale introduced, and compared with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression scale (EDPS), women that scored low on the MIB scale were scoring higher on the EPDS scale. The same was true of women who scored low on the EPDS scale, where they scored higher on the MIB scale.

Kangaroo Mother Care increases the production of Oxytocin through the skin-to-skin contact between mom and the baby. This Oxytocin is what is often called the “cuddle” or “love” hormone, and it is believed that oxytocin helps to ward off symptoms of postpartum depression.

All of this is very compelling information that hospitals and birthing settings should be taking into consideration. Mothers of newborns need to be encouraged to use KMC from the moment of birth. It is common knowledge that the first hours of life are extremely important for the mother-baby bonding process. Did you know that if a newborn baby and mom are separated, there is a risk if bonding failure and that the likelihood of successful ongoing breastfeeding is reduced.

The fact that KMC requires no drugs, chemicals or other things that can interfere with the natural mother newborn relationship, and that the research has shown KMC to be very beneficial, makes it a natural option for all new mom’s especially in reducing the potential for PND. Research will continue, but for now it is safe to say that all studies show KMC is a beneficial and positive for both mom and baby.…

No Picture
General Article

Five Ways to Lower Your Blood Pressure

Five Ways to Lower Your Blood Pressure

Did you know that about 65 million Americans have been diagnosed with high blood pressure? The good news is that some new research shows that many of these people have been able to get their hypertension under control without taking medication. Here’s how they are doing it.

Potassium relaxes your blood vessel.A� Studies show that increasing your intake of potassium-rich foods could cut your blood pressure by as much as 13 points.A� Some potassium-rich foods that you should consider are dried peaches, beet greens, spinach, white beans, dates, raisins, potatoes, refried beans and tomato sauce.A� All of these food choices contain more than 800 mg. of potassium per cup.A�

Consume sesame oil.A� If you can consume at least 1 oz. of sesame oil daily, your blood pressure could drop by as much as 32 points in two months.A� It sounds incredible, but apparently sesame oil relaxes blood vessel walls, therefore preventingA�pressure spikes.A�

Lower volume on electronic devices.A� A recent study at the Lund University Hospital in Sweden revealed that repeated daily exposure to noises above 60 decibels raises your risk of having hypertension by more than 25%.A� By listening to soothing, relaxing music, you can automatically slow your breathing and heart rate, which will, in effect, lower your blood pressure.A� So, turn down the volume on the television, PlayStation, alarm clock and radio.A� It will be to your benefit.A�

Eat more barley.A� Barley is a simple, inexpensive side dish which contains 13 g. of soluble fiber per cup.A� New research has shown that by consuming one heaping cup of barley daily you can normalize your blood pressure in just two months.A� In addition to fiber, barley is also loaded with artery-relaxing minerals which also helps lower your blood pressure.A�

Sit up straight.A� You know how your mother used to tell you to sit up straight?A� Well, apparently that was good advice.A� Surprising research has shown that sitting with your neck jutting forward and your shoulders slumped can lead to a 16% spike in your blood pressure.A� Apparently the nerves that keep your blood pressure in check come directly from your spine and slouching will hinder their function.…

No Picture
General Article

How to Reverse the Symptoms of Hypertension

How to Reverse the Symptoms of Hypertension

Hypertension or high blood pressure as it can also be known is becoming a common health condition in many people. Hypertension happens when the arteries in the body get narrower. This increases the pressure of the blood flowing through the arteries. Arteries become narrower due to age or due to the diet we eat. If we eat a diet that is high in saturated fats then we can increase the risk of getting hypertension. Foods high in fat are linked to the creation of plaque which are waxy deposits that attach themselves to the lining of the artery walls. Over time as these deposits build up the artery tubes become narrower. This makes it more difficult for the blood to flow through causing an increase in pressure. The hardening of the arteries can eventually lead to heart disease and stroke.

However, the following are ways to reduce your risk of getting high blood pressure as well as alleviating the symptoms:

Reduce you intake of saturated fats

Foods that are high in saturated fats can eventually cause these fatty deposits to line your arteries. Therefore, review your diet and if you find you are eating a lot of red meat and fried food try to cut these out or at least reduce them.

Cut out salt

The walls of the arteries contain muscles that make sure the lining stays round and firm. A diet that has high levels of salt in them can weaken these muscles. All processed foods contain sodium to make them taste better. In some products there are unhealthy levels of salt. The salt is so well masked due to other additives that many people cannot taste it and therefore, add more salt to it. Review your diet and cut down on your intake of salt.

The benefits of eating fish

Fish contains the essential fatty acids omega 6. This is considered to help reduce heart disease. Omega 6 has anti-inflammatory qualities that can help reduce the inflammation of the arteries which can cause damage. Fish oil is also considered to help thin the blood in conjunction with vitamin E. If you do not eat fish then consider making it part of your diet. Try and eat fish 2 times a week. There are also a variety of fish oil tablets that contain a combination of the omega 6 oil and vitamin E. These are a suitable substitute if you are not able to buy fish.

If you have food allergies or a medical condition consult a doctor before you change your diet.…